MSI44 | SCORP Articles
Temporarily Living in a 1951 Geneva Convention Unratified Country: They Empower Themselves
Universitas Gadjah Mada | CIMSA Indonesia
The wind blows the breezy breath, and the window sees the haze. From the bus window’s view, my eyes spotted some markets and buildings with Arabic signs. The local community called that place “Kampung Arab” or Arabic Village. Most of us can’t determine their origin country. We only know they came from the Middle East. At first, they went as a tourist or for economic activities. In the last ten years, they reached Cisarua, Bogor, due to refuge asylum.
Due to persecution, they came to another country as refugees. They got that status from the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). The UN Agency is mandated to aid and protect the refugees. However, Indonesia hasn’t ratified yet the 1951 Geneva Convention yet. However, the government still preserves the non-refoulement principle by making a “Handling Refugees from Abroad” policy in 2016. Indonesia also temporarily hosted the asylum seeker, which hasn’t got the refugee status. Despite all that, we have human rights, the right to life, to earn a decent living. (…)
Understanding the disaster risk management cycle to empower future health advocates.
Luis Rodolfo Morales Rosales
San Carlos University of Guatemala | IFMSA Guatemala
Disasters are catastrophic events that affect communities by disturbing normal activities, causing casualties, and surpassing the response capacity of the affected community, but it is important to mention that each disaster is unique due to specific interactions between vulnerabilities and the hazardous event in the affected population; thus, studying disasters can be challenging. Despite being unique, disasters present similarities, for example, they all result from the interaction between hazardous events, exposure, and vulnerability, and they also share the need to be prevented to avoid casualties. Prevention is unachievable without health leaders with disaster management knowledge; therefore, this article aims to expose key points about disaster management (…)
Humanitarian Reliefs for Mount Semeru Eruption’s Survivors
Varel Albany Setyawan & Aufa Fathya
Universitas Jember, Universitas Gadjah Mada | CIMSA Indonesia
The Indonesian archipelago is situated on the ring of fire. We have five active volcanoes. Semeru, one of the stratovolcano mounts, erupted on December 4, 2021. Its volcanic activity is increasing, as evidenced by hot cloud avalanches leading to Besuk Kobokan, Supiturang Village, Pronojiwo District, Lumajang Regency, East Java. The eruption of the volcano has affected 16 districts. On the next day, the early morning eruption resulted in dense white and grey ash clouds, according to Indonesia’s Center for Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation (PVMBG). They warned nearby residents not to conduct any activities within a five km (three miles) radius of the eruption center and to keep a 500 meter (1,500 feet) distance from riversides due to risks of the lava flow.
The death toll has now risen to more than one hundred, 144 injured people (32 severely injured and 82 mildly injured, nine people missing, 43 fatalities, and displacing 6,586 people to 125 evacuation locations). The National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) worked with the local board and communities, and the non-profit is now attempting to assist with evacuation and emergency response. According to our interview with a BPBD officer in Lumajang, East Java, BPBD will relocate around 2000 families. BNPB recorded 2,970-unit houses, 31 public facilities, 42 schools, one health facility, 12 praying houses, and one bridge damaged by the hot ashes and avalanches. BNPB has instructed all humanitarian actors and stakeholders to plan for the post- emergency (…)